The Art of Gentle Combat

Understanding the Non-violent Sparring of Panamint Rattlesnakes Each spring, after six months of cold weather in the southwesternmost Great Basin Desert, Panamint Rattlesnakes emerge from rocky dens and knot together in the sun to bask, spar, and mate. And each spring, when I observe sparring or “combat rituals” between male Panamint Rattlesnakes, what strikes me […]

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